The chickpea or chanais a legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. It is also known as gram, or Bengal gram, garbanzo or garbanzo bean, and sometimes known as Egyptian pea or Kabuli chana(particularly in northern India). Its seeds are high in protein. It is one of the earliest cultivated legumes 7,500-year-old remains have been found in the Middle East.
The three main kinds of chickpeas are Desi, Kabuli & Green Chickpea.
Chana is an important pulse crop of India and is a rich source of protein and used as edible seed and also for making flour. It is highly nutritious and ranks third amongst important legumes after dry bean and peas. Two types of chana like desi and kabuli are being cultivated across the globe.
Among the total chana production in the world, desi type contributes to 80% while rest is of kabuli type. It is well grown in sandy and loam soils with low temperatures during nights. It requires dry weather during the day and sensitive to rainfall. Heavy rains during growth stage leads to excessive vegetative growth and it may not give good yields.
The world chana production has remained stagnant over the last decade between 8 to 9 million tonnes, while the area under cultivation is hovering around 10 to 12 million hectares. India is the world’s largest producer, consumer and importer of pulses and accounts for 27% of the global pulses production. The other major producing countries are Pakistan, Australia, Turkey, Iran and Myanmar.More than 90% of chana is consumed by the countries producing it. During last couple of years, world chana production has marginally increased due to increase in production in India and Australia.
India is the biggest producer of chana with 7.05 Million tonnes (approx.) of production in 2008-09.India contributes around 64% to the global chana output. Despite being the major producer of chana, India is the net importer of chana. India imports nearly 20% of the world imports of chana, closely followed by Pakistan (18%), Bangladesh (9%) and Spain (8%).On the exports side, India exports 20% of the world exports, closely followed by Australia (20%), Mexico (12%) and Myanmar (10%).Major producing states are Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and Karnataka. Major trading centers of chana in India are Indore (Madhya Pradesh), Latur (Maharashtra), Akola (Maharashtra), Bikaner (Rajasthan) and Delhi.
Chickpeas also offer specific health benefits, and consuming them regularly boosts your intake of a few key nutrients.
Eating chickpeas provides you with a vegetarian-friendly source of protein, with each cup of cooked garbanzo beans containing 15 grams. Your body breaks down this protein into amino acids, and then uses them to maintain the health of your body's tissues. Chickpeas are a source of incomplete protein, which means they do not contain every amino acid you need for good health. Make sure you combine them with other sources of protein, such as nuts, whole grains, dairy, eggs or meat to prevent an amino acid deficiency.
Opt for chickpeas as a rich source of dietary fiber. Foods rich in fiber help keep your colon healthy -- fiber helps soften stool to fight constipation. Fiber-rich foods also help control your blood sugar levels, because fiber slows down digestion, allowing sugar to move slowly from your digestive tract into your bloodstream. As a result, you're less likely to develop a blood sugar spike after eating, and won't experience the fatigue and irritation from a subsequent blood sugar crash. A cup of cooked chickpeas provides 12.5 grams of fiber-half of the daily fiber intake recommendation for women or one-third of of the daily fiber recommendation for men, according to the Linus Pauling Institute.
Manganese and Folate:
Garbanzo beans also contain vitamins and minerals and significantly boost your intake of manganese and folate. The mineral manganese helps support bone development and wound healing and also helps carry out chemical reactions important to your metabolism. A 1-cup serving of chickpeas contains 1.7 milligrams of manganese, approximately 94 percent of the daily recommended intake for women, or 74 percent of the RDA for men, according to the Linus Pauling Institute. Folate, or vitamin B-9, aids in new cell growth and brain cell communication and protects against genetic mutations that contribute to cancer development. Eating a cup of chickpeas provides you with 282 micrograms of folate, or 71 percent of your daily folate requirements, according to the NYU Langone Medical Center.
- Fights with Cancer.
- Heart Health.
- Blood Pressure.
- Bone Health.
- Managing diabetes.
- Cholesterol Control.
- Weight Management.
Chickpea is Healthy and High-Protein Content legume is widely used for Human consumption in its boiled state. It is used for Cooking as lentils (Chana Dal),salads. Chickpeas add flavor and texture to a range of dishes. Sprinkle a handful of chickpeas on a salad, or add whole or pureed chickpeas to soup. Combine chickpeas with olive oil, lime juice, shallots and cilantro for a convenient and filling salad, or use mashed chickpeas in place of mayonnaise in your sandwiches. Incorporate more chickpeas into your diet by experimenting with Indian cooking -- many popular Indian dishes, such as chana masala, feature garbanzo beans as a main ingredient. Chickpea Flour is used for hair and wrinkles Therapy.
Madhya Pradesh is a major chickpea producing state contributing 30 to 35% to the national production. During last three decades, the area, production and productivity have registered positive growth rate, with the area increasing from 19.17 to 25.61 lakh ha and production doubling from 12.26 to23.71 lakh tonnes. Productivity has increased from 640 to 925 kg/ha during the period.
Chickpea Flour Chapati
Kabuli Chana Salad