Coriander is native to South-Eastern Europe and grown extensively all over the Europe, Middle East, China, India, and Turkey. It is recognized as cilantro in the west. This herbaceous plant grows up to 2 feet in height with branching stems, featuring deep green soft, hairless bi or tri-lobed leaves. The mature plant bears small light pink color flowers that subsequently turn into globular or oval-shaped fruits (seeds). The seeds measure about 4-6 mm in diameter with central hollow cavity containing two vertical vittae containing some important essential oils.
Coriander seeds can be ready for harvest when the plant turn brown and its leaves begin to dry and fall. Immature seeds are light green and taste bitter. To harvest, the crop is cut, tied in small bundles, and sun-dried for several days. Traditionally, to separate the seeds, either the sheaves are beaten with stick or a lightweight roller used to wear off the pods.
Coriander Seeds use in global food preparation is only the tip of the iceberg. Unbeknownst to many people, coriander is packed with potential health benefits that most people completely miss when they toss this garnish into the garbage after eating their meal. It has eleven components of essential oils, six types of acids (includingascorbic acid, better known as vitamin-C), minerals and vitamins, each having a number of beneficial properties. A more complete list is given below.
- Helps in Skin related Disorders
- Helps in reducing Cough
- Helps in reducing Blood Pressure
- Helps in reducing Diarrhea.
- Helps in reducing Cholesterol Levels in the Blood
- Helps in Urinary tract infections.
Coriander Seeds are commonly used in every kitchen to prepare tasty dishes. They are rich in Vitamin C Coriander is used for digestion problems including upset stomach, loss of appetite,hernia, nausea, diarrhea, bowel spasms, and intestinal gas. It is also used to treatmeasles, hemorrhoids, toothaches, worms, and joint pain, as well as infections caused by bacteria and fungus.Some breast-feeding women use coriander to increase milk flow.In foods, coriander is used as a culinary spice and to prevent food poisoning.In manufacturing, coriander is used as a flavoring agent in medicines and tobaccoand as a fragrance in cosmetics and soaps.
Dried coriander seeds are one of the common spice ingredients used worldwide. In general, completely dried seeds gently roasted under low flame just before milling in order to get fine powder. Roasting releases special aromatic compounds and essential oils in the seeds.
Here are some serving methods:
- Coriander seeds are used as flavoring agent in confectionary, stews, sausages, sweet breads, and cakes
- Coriander leaves as well as seeds are being used as an aromatic spice in Chinese, Indian, Pakistani, Middle-eastern and European cooking
- Russian dark rye bread, "Borodinsky bread" uses coriander seeds.
- In India, ground powder of coriander seeds is a common household spice powder that is used in pickling, chutneys, stews, curries, marinades as well as in sausages.
- Along with dill, and fennel, coriander seeds are being used as a carminative and digestive items in variety of gripe water preparations.
- The seeds are chewed as a remedy to prevent halitosis (unpleasant breath). (Medical disclaimer).
USESCoriander Seed Powder
Coriander Seed Italian cheese made from mozzarella and cream
Coriander Seed Theeyal Dish
Coriander Seed Toppings